Orphanides: The Need for a Price Stability Mandate


The founding of the Federal Reserve was a good idea, but its performance during its first hundred years has been hampered by the lack of clarity of its mandate. At times its mandate was interpreted as requiring the pursuit of multiple targets resulting in the failure to safeguard price stability over time. This article reviews the evolution of the Federal Reserve’s mandate and argues that Congress should clarify the primacy of price stability as the central bank’s mandate to ensure that the Federal Reserve will better safeguard monetary stability going forward.

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